Policy, Energy and Security in the Black Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean
During the Cold War period, the Black Sea and the Eastern Meditarranean were two of the frontlines of East-West confrontation. However, one of the main implications of the ending of the Cold War has been the emergence of new regions in the former Soviet space and new issues in the security of the Middle East. Both areas have become, once again, crossroads of continents where great powers and local states seek influence, compete or cooperate with each other over markets and resources. The regions present challenges to global security, as well as opportunities for the overall interests of the international community. For reasons of geographical proximity, those challenges concern first and foremost the European Union and Russia. They arise from the region’s demographic situation and migratory pressures, interstate and ethnic conflicts, terrorism, and organized crime. But opportunities also arise from the region’s potential markets that still remain outside the circuits of the world economy and its vast energy resources.