Mass Violence and Population Transfers in 20th century
At first, students are introduced to the concepts of conflict, violence, interstate wars, civil wars, genocides, ethnic cleansing, and revolutions. Specific case studies, such as the Armenian Genocide, the Al Naqba and the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Holocaust, and the break-up of Yugoslavia will be examined. Subsequently, the course will focus on the impact of these tragic events in the shaping of current political affairs in the Eastern Medeterranean and Black Sea region. How are deep, divisive conflicts remembered after they have ended? What is their influence in current politics? How can reconciliation emerge and under what conditions? What is the role of the colonial forces in the violent past of this region and what are the responsibilities of local elites in preserving such rivalries?