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The Black Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Hellenistic period: The Hellenistic Kingdoms

The Hellenistic Kingdoms were the states that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great and the gradual division of his empire among his chief officials and generals. These large territorial states inherited and divided among them a great part of Alexander's empire in Egypt and the Near East. They fought continuous wars against each other and became the main focus of political power in the Eastern Mediterranean. Their rulers governed and taxed several different ethnicities which interacted with each other in various ways. The aim of this course is to familiarize the students with the main aspects of these kingdoms' foreign policy, administration, finances and social structure by examining selected literary, epigraphic and papyrological sources. Within this framework, relations with the Black Sea region regarding administration, social and political structures shall be researched and examined.

Learning outcomes
Upon completing the course the students will have gained:

  • critical awareness of the Hellenistic kingdoms that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great and their impact upon the Greek world -from the Black Sea to the Eastern Mediterranean Basin.
  • knowledge of the local and regional history of the area in which the Hellenistic kingdoms emerged, e.g. Black Sea, Asia and Egypt
  • the ability to understand the procedures of transformation and adaptation of the Macedonian economic, social and political institutions to the specific local conditions and to the new world which emerged during the Hellenistic period -from the Black Sea to the Eastern Mediterranean basin.
  • understanding of the blending of Greek and local elements, especially in the fields of religion and art